Ethiopia - Gafisse

Ethiopia - Gafisse

Regular price
$22.00
Sale price
$22.00



Country

Ethiopia 

Washing Station

Gafisse

Growers Name

Asefa Dukamo Korma

Variety

74158

Region

Shantawene, Sidama

Elevation

2020m 

Process

Washed 

Tasting Notes

Jasmine, Bergamot, and Honey.



Story 


Variety 74158? 


Let us explain.


In the 1970s there was an initiative set up to combat the Coffee Berry Disease (CBD) which was identified as a threat to coffee production in Africa. Originally the disease was specific to Africa though now it can be found in most coffee-growing countries and regions.


At the time it was forecasted that to chemically control the disease it could cost as much as $500 per hectare and up to 40% of the crop could still be lost using this method! This meant that the only way a country or farmer could combat the disease was to find a disease-resistant variety. 


Though most of the studies at the time took place in Kenya and looked particularly at crossbreeding methodology giving birth to the famed SL varieties, Ethiopia did a lot of work on the problem as well. It is widely known that Ethiopia is where the coffee tree is naturally abundant and is so varied that the biodiversity lends itself to the discovery of naturally disease-resistant varieties. 


The problem with the migration of the coffee tree around the planet is that we humans found varieties that we liked and went about planting that tree unabated. Now, this can cause some problems because when we have a lack of biodiversity, disease can take hold and spread unabated as there is no genetic diversity that can naturally break up or stop the spread of the disease. 


Quite simply put, the more biodiversity in coffee trees the more natural barriers we have to prevent a widespread problem. The spread of disease is minimized as the disease targets one variety while the other variety has immunity or resistance, thus slowing the spread.


In Ethiopia, the Jimma Agricultural research center (JARC) identified 6 varieties as high-yielding and disease-resistant from a total of 76 mother trees categorized by numbers that are as follows 74148, 74140, 74110, 74112, 74165, and 74158. The trials were conducted in the forests that surround the Bishari village in the Metu Woreda (region). They are also known as the Metu Bishari varieties and 74158 is recommended for growing at altitudes of 1500- 2100 meters above sea level. 


Lastly, have you ever noticed that a lot of coffees coming out of Ethiopia are referred to as heirloom varieties? This is because there is so much diversity throughout the country that most farmers don’t know what varieties of trees are growing on their property. Combine that with the fact that most producers are small farm landowners who contribute to co-operatives of 500 to a couple of thousand producers, so identifying varieties in any given “lot” of coffee is all but impossible. 


There you go, we hope you liked this explanation of coffee variety 74158 and we hope you enjoy this cup of coffee as much as we do at Tectonic. 


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